Roman remains found at major development near Chesterfield
Fragments of history dating back 6,000 years have been unearthed on the site of a major development in Derbyshire.
A Roman road, Roman tweezers, the remains of Anglo-Saxon pit-houses and flint artefacts from the Stone Age are among the discoveries made by archaeologists at the 9.8 acre Van Dyk Village site near Clowne.
The findings were uncovered during an excavation of the Worksop Road development, ahead of building work beginning on the 53-home development.
Reuben Thorpe, head of field archaeology at Archaeological Research Services Ltd, which conducted the excavation, said: “What we appear to have here is an exciting multi-phase site of regional significance that encompasses activity from the late Neolithic period right through to the late Medieval period.”
The oldest features on the site were possibly tribal boundaries dating back to the Neolithic period, the final part of the stone age which began around 4000 BC and ended around 2500 BC.
Copper alloy artefacts, including pins for cloaks and dresses, from the Roman and Medieval period were also among the finds.
Evidence of human activity from the Roman period was also uncovered, in the form of a Roman road which ran through the site, a Romano-British well structure and fragments of Romano-British pottery.
Mr Thorpe added: “The fragments of Romano-British pottery pressed into the upper surface of the road indicate that it was likely in use during the period and it is suggested that the road here represents part of the wider landscape narrative of Roman colonisation and organisation of the area.”
Two possible Anglo-Saxon Grubenhaus, or pit-houses, were uncovered as well as pottery and a brooch from Medieval times.
David Ruffley, regional director for Jones Homes Yorkshire, said: “The excavation of the Van Dyk Village site has uncovered some remarkable objects of great historical significance which may well have gone undiscovered without this new development coming forward.
“We are proud to have supported the excavation and we have been amazed by the findings. It’s quite remarkable to think that when the first residents at Van Dyk Village move into their new homes they will be the latest in a long line of settlers dating back 7,000 years.”