Schools and churches mark the occasion by collecting produce and giving thanks for them at services.
These days the donated food is usually distributed by charities to the needy.
In years gone by schoolchildren would deliver boxes of vegetables, fruit and tinned foods to the elderly, infirm or those in need within the community where they lived.
Here’s a look back at how Derbyshire schools marked the harvest festival season.
5. South Wingfield
Harry Brown, Aiden Gwyther, Katie Gillott and Niamh Brentnall bring produce to South Wingfield pre-school playgroup's harvest festival in 2009.
Photo: Brian Eyre
Calow Primary School pupils Oliver Emment, 7, Maisy Ainsworth, 8, Erin Leece, 6 with harvest produce in 2008.
Photo: Marisa Cashill
Pupils from Winster CofE Primary School hold their annual harvest time festival in the village church in 2006.
St.Joseph's Catholic Primary School year six pupils Sam Allen, Megan Ward, Isobel Constantine, Oliver Grant, Jensen Botham, Chloe Brown, Sophie Truman, Megan Power and Jasmine Shirley took part in a special harvest destival with the emphasis on water and in support of the Aquabox appeal.
Photo: Paul Robinson