In pictures: Lost country houses of Derbyshire revealed - including Tupton Hall, Glapwell Hall, Hasland House, Heanor Hall and Wingerworth Hall

For centuries, Derbyshire’s country houses have been where rich and grand families displayed their wealth and status.

Today, the county is still well endowed with these houses, although many of them are now popular visitor attractions instead of private homes, but there are also many houses which have disappeared over the years.

Some have been demolished as they were no longer to be sustained due to the changes in social habits, surrounding development or because of the cost of repairs or death duties; others have been lost through fire, requisitioning, decay and rot.

In his new book Maxwell Craven examines the lost country houses of Derbyshire.

Some of these houses are now covered with new housing, others may stand as ruins or have a few scanty remains in the landscape, but in this book the once vibrant life of these houses and their significance in this part of the country is evoked once again.

In Derbyshire in the years since 1969, when listed building consent was first required prior to demolition of the listed building, only eight Derbyshire houses have been lost. From 1945 to 1968 no fewer than 27 were

destroyed. Before that, the destruction was even worse.

Derbyshire’s worst year was actually 1938 when eight houses fell to the contractor’s ball and chain.

The most common reason for the destruction of an important house before 1919 was unusually the desire of the owner to improve the standard of his accommodation, or to expand it. In the nineteenth century, an agricultural boom, which lasted throughout the middle years until around 1873, coupled with a superfluity of labour, caused households to expand, and more and better standards of service accommodation was required.

Some owners met these needs by enlarging, as with Chatsworth in the late seventeenth century, or Renishaw in the late eighteenth, others by demolition and replacement, as with Kedleston.

Houses mentioned in the book include Codnor Castle, Eastwood Hall, Wingfield Manor, Thornbridge Hall, Hasland House, Sutton Scarsdale, Brimington Hall, and Wingerworth Hall.

Lost Country Houses of Derbyshire is out later this month. For more go to:

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